The cholecystectomy can be realized by conventional laparoscopy, by needle and by robot.
IntroductionLaparoscopic cholecystectomy has been the « big bang » in the creation of surgical laparoscopy. Cholecystectomy is only surpassed by appendicectomy in numbers of operative procedures in our Western world. Five hundred thousand cholecystecomies are performed in the United States every year.
Laparoscopic cholecystecomy is nothing but the logical emergence of a years long search from surgeons who were not satisfied with the relatively high morbidity after conventional cholecystectomy. The search for alternative treatments included : lithotripsy, percutaneous lithotomy, and ether dissolution of gallbladder lithiasis.
All these « minimally invasive technique », however, leave a diseased gallbladder in place. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy, while providing all the advantages of the minimally invasive therapy, also provides a final cure for gallbladder disease.
A lot of patients suffer from gallbladder stones. The only treatment is cholecystectomy.